Types of Irrigation Systems
Irrigation is the artificial watering system from a source other than rain. The primary concept of irrigation is to water the plants and crops artificially with a minimum amount of water. As water is not a resource, using it carefully and efficiently is crucial. The implementation of an irrigation system helps you in several ways. It is not only time saving, but prevents weed growth and helps conserve water. This increases the growth rate of the lawns, plants, crops and flowers. Most farmers who have an irrigation system also have an irrigation warehouse in the field to store equipment and other things.
One of the most traditional methods of irrigation is the ditch irrigation system. It is where ditches are dug, and seedlings are planted in rows. The planted seedlings are watered by placing furrows and canals running between the rows of the plants. Siphon tubes are used to move water from main ditch to the canal.
Drip irrigation is known as the most efficient method for irrigation as the water drops right near the root zone in a dripping motion. If this system is installed properly, the loss of water through runoff and evaporation is steadily managed.
This is the irrigation system based on overhead sprinklers, guns or sprays that are installed on permanent risers. This system can also be buried underground, and when the pressure rises, the sprinklers rise. This type of sprinkler system is popular in Australian homes, golf courses and parks.
Centre Pivot Irrigation
A form of overhead irrigation, centre pivot irrigation is supported by trusses and mounted on wheeled towers. The sprinklers are situated on the length of the tower as they move in circular motion to water the field.